Tuesday, 25 October 2016

Theme Parks - Safety Inquiry

The Health and Safety Authority is due at Tayto Park following an accident at a Halloween attraction, in which nine people were injured.

The incidents at Tayto Park in Ashbourne, County Meath happened when a staircase collapsed during an after-dark, Halloween-themed event and the more recent fatal incident at an Australian theme park.

The incident happened on a water rapids ride

GardaĆ­ were called to the park shortly after 8.00pm. A garda spokesman confirmed that nine people were taken to hospital.
Most sustained cuts and bruises but one person is understood to have fractured a bone. All nine people have been discharged from hospital.
A spokeswoman for the park said those caught up in the incident were taken to hospital as a "precautionary measure".
This morning, the park said the lower portion of a permanent staircase leading to the 'House of Horrors' attraction gave way.
It added: "The management of Tayto Park will co-operate fully with the investigation as the safety of our guests is paramount."

Work-Related Illness - ESRI Study

Musculoskeletal disorders and work-related stress, anxiety and depression account for over two thirds of all work-related illnesses, according to new research from the Economic and Social Research Institute.

In 2013, an estimated 55,000 workers in Ireland had a work-related illness, resulting in the loss of 790,000 days of work.
The ESRI said that musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) accounted for 50% of all work-related illnesses while stress, anxiety and depression (SAD) accounted for 18%.
The average length of absence was 15.9 days for MSD and 17 days for SAD.
The average for all other types of work-related illnesses is 12.8 days.

Work-related MSD affects different parts of the body that are used for body movement, for example, the skeleton, muscles, tendons and ligaments.

Musculoskeletal disorders accounted for 50% of all work-related illnesses

Work-related stress is defined by the World Health Organisation as
"the response people may have, when presented with work demands and pressures that are not matched to their knowledge and abilities, and which challenge their ability to cope".
Depression and anxiety are distinct psychiatric disorders with defined diagnostic criteria.
The institute found that women have a higher risk of SAD, with 5.8 per 1,000 female workers compared to four per 1,000 male workers.
It also said the risk of SAD illness is highest for workers in the education sector, followed by those in health, public administration, transport and "other services", which includes finance, information and communications.
Workers in the agriculture, construction and industry sectors were found to have the lowest risk of SAD - less than three per 1,000 workers while the self-employed have a lower risk of SAD illnesses than employees.
Shift workers were also found to have a greater risk of SAD.

Thursday, 20 October 2016

New Technology to Address Bedsores!

New technology designed to eliminate the problem of painful, potentially dangerous and costly bedsores is being tested within Irish hospitals. 

The new wireless device is able to detect the pressure sores up to ten days, before they appear on the skin's surface, giving clinicians time to treat them before they become problematic.
Pressure ulcers are injuries to the skin and underlying tissue resulting from prolonged pressure on the skin, and most commonly develop on skin in bony areas of the body, like heels, ankles, hips and tailbone.

The handheld SEM Scanner, from California based Bruin Biometrics, detects increases in sub-epidermal moisture which is a biophysical marker of damaged skin.

Long-stay hospital patients who are confined to bed and people who suffer from reduced mobility, are at increased risk of developing the problem.
If left untreated they can become very painful, can lead to blood infection, and even death.
It is estimated that as well as causing great discomfort and distress to patients and their families, bedsores cost the Irish health service €250 million a year to manage.
Last year nearly one in ten serious medical events in Irish healthcare institutions was related to late-stage bedsores.
Traditionally pressure ulcers have been identified through visual inspection by care-givers, and treated using established protocols.
However, often by the time the sore is visually apparent and spotted, much damage has already been done, making it more difficult and time consuming to treat.
"The challenge with the visual assessment is that we can't see what is going on under the skin," said Professor Zena Moore, Head of School of Nursing and Midwifery at the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland.

Wednesday, 19 October 2016

Oxford Medical Handbooks - Online options

While The James Hardiman Library holds many print-titles which link to the Reading Lists, connected to the various Schools at NUI Galway

The library also contains many Online texts which are especially supportive, while students are attending the various Academies, which are linked to the School of Medicine at NUI Galway.

The Oxford Medical Handbooks are of particular use, while students are studying off-campus, as a number of those titles are also available Online, through use of your Username/Password:

  - Oxford Handbook of Clinical Medicine - 616 LON

  - Oxford Handbook of General Practice   - 616 SIM          
  - Oxford Handbook of Psychiatry        - 616.89 OXF

Cover for 

Oxford Handbook of Psychiatry

Tuesday, 18 October 2016

Ovid Emcare - Trial available through James Hardiman Library

The James Hardiman Library has trial access to a new Nursing and Allied Healthcare database - Ovid Emcare until 13th December 2016.
Nursing and Allied Health research personnel will be interested in viewing the various features associated with this new database, which are listed below.


Ovid Emcare, in partnership with Elsevier, sets a new standard in nursing and allied health research by providing more records and more trusted content than any other leading nursing database. Pairing premium content with the world’s most trusted medical research platform, Ovid Emcare empowers you to deliver high quality care and improve research processes.

·         3,700+ international journals indexed – more than any other nursing database - More 
            scholarly, peer-reviewed and indexed journals than any other nursing database

·         1,800+ titles not available in other leading nursing databases

·         Nearly 5 million records dating back to 1995

·         Up to 250,000 records/citations added each year

·     Broadest scope of international content—more than any other nursing database: 50% of journals are from North America, 40% are from Europe; 10% are from Rest of World. 9% of all records are for articles not in English, most have English-language abstracts.

·      70% of records have online abstracts

·       More than 70,000 preferred terms in EMTREE, expanded with nursing and allied health 
         terms. All mapped to MEDLINE’s MeSH

Training in Medicine - New Title!

The latest title in the Oxford Specialty Training has arrived to the James Hardiman Library

Training in Medicine by Jolly, Fry and Chaudhry
  focuses on Core Medical Training and covers
- General Medicine,
- Epidemiology,
- Evidence Based Medicine
  these topics are complimented by 550 full-colour illustrations
This title is located at 610.711 OXF


Monday, 17 October 2016

New Cancer Institute opens in Dublin

Plans for a new cancer research institute have been jointly announced by St James's Hospital and Trinity College Dublin.

The new facility will carry out scientific and clinical based research into both the prevention and treatment of cancer, and will also be involved in education.
The incidence of cancer in Ireland is projected to double between 2016 and 2040, with all types of the disease increasing.
It is claimed the new institute will be the first of its kind in Ireland, and will set a new standard for cancer care here.
Based on leading international models, the centre will be located on the St James's Hospital campus in Dublin.

Cancer in Ireland is projected to double between now and 2040

It will be staffed by medical and nursing professionals from the hospital, as well as scientists from Trinity College, and will be paid for by a mixture of public and philanthropic funding.
The institute will not only carry out lab based research but will also use the outcomes of that research to inform the treatment of patients.
Those patients will be scientifically tracked from entry to the institute and the expectation is that each patient will undergo genetic testing, so they can receive personalised care.
The announcement comes at the start of Cancer Week which will see a range of events taking place to encourage a national conversation about the disease.

Thursday, 13 October 2016

Heart Attack Risk - Doubles!

The risk of heart attack beyond other risk factors more than doubles when someone is angry, emotionally upset or has engaged in heavy physical exertion, according to a new analysis by scientists at NUI Galway.

However, the risk more than triples when patients are angry or emotionally upset, and are engaged in physical exertion. The researchers say the triggers seem to independently increase a person's risk of heart attack beyond other risk factors, such as age, smoking, obesity, high blood pressure and other health problems linked to heart attack.

The data has emerged from the largest study of its kind ever conducted, which involved more than 12,000 heart attack patients from 52 countries around the world with an average age of 58.

The study involved more than 12,00 heart attack patients

Each of the participants completed a survey about the different triggers they had experienced in the same hour of the day of, and the day prior to, their heart attack.
Critically though the authors of the research, published in the journal Circulation, say the findings do not negate the benefits of regular physical activity in preventing heart disease and attack.
"Previous studies have explored these heart attack triggers; however, they had fewer participants or were completed in one country, and data was limited from many parts of the world," said Dr. Andrew Smyth, study lead author and a researcher at the HRB Clinical Research Facility at NUI Galway.
"This is the first study to represent so many regions of the world, including the majority of the world's major ethnic groups."
The authors say the results suggest that people at risk of heart attack should avoid extreme emotional situations, and instead should consider peer support, during difficult periods of their life.

Wednesday, 12 October 2016

Limitations of the Human Gene!

Humans are unlikely ever to live beyond the age of 125, say researchers who claim we are already close to the lifespan limit.
The scientists studied survival data dating back to 1900 from more than 40 countries.
They found evidence of increasing average life expectancy, meaning that over time more people lived to a ripe old age.

Babies born in the US today could expect to live nearly to the age of 79, on average.
In comparison, average life expectancy for Americans born in 1900 was only 47.
But the same study highlighted how unusual it was to live beyond 100, regardless of the year in which people were born.
The team calculated that 125 was likely to be the absolute limit of human lifespan due to genetic factors.

Jeanne Calment lived to the age of 122 Jeanne Calment reached 122 years

Lead researcher, Professor Jan Vig, from the Albert Einstein College of Medicine in New York City, said: "Demographers as well as biologists have contended there is no reason to think that the on-going increase in maximum lifespan will end soon.
"But our data strongly suggest that it has already been attained and that this happened in the 1990s.
"Further progress against infectious and chronic diseases may continue boosting average life expectancy, but not maximum lifespan.
"While it's conceivable that therapeutic breakthroughs might extend human longevity beyond the limits we've calculated, such advances would need to overwhelm the many genetic variants that appear to collectively determine the human lifespan.
"Perhaps resources now being spent to increase lifespan should instead go to lengthening healthspan - the duration of old age spent in good health."
The study, published in the journal Nature, focused on people living to 110 or older between 1968 and 2006 in the US, UK, France and Japan.
Age at death for these super-centenarians rose rapidly between the 1970s and early 1990s but reached a plateau in the mid-1990s.
French woman Jeanne Calment, who died in 1997 aged 122, achieved the longest documented lifespan of any person in history.

Tuesday, 11 October 2016

Tropical Medicine - 2017!

New arrival to the James Hardiman Library -
The Travel and Tropical Medicine Manual by C A Sanford with other authors.

The 5th edition of this title (2017), provides forty chapters within it's 600 pages. One of those chapters no. (28) - looks at the Ebola Virus Disease - Page 391

Located at 613.680913 SAN

The Travel and Tropical Medicine Manual