Tuesday, 27 September 2016

Geriatric Medicine - Latest Edition!

Latest edition of Brocklehurst's Textbook of Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology is now available at The James Hardiman Library:

The eighth edition of this publication contains a contemporary, global perspective on topics of importance to today's gerontologists, internal medicine physicians, as well as family doctors

Located at  618.97 BRO

Brocklehursts Textbook of Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology

Monday, 26 September 2016

BROKEN BONES



The second edition of THE RADIOLOGIC ATLAS OF FRACTURES AND DISLOCATIONS by Felix S Chew, Catherine Maldijan and Hyojeong Mulcahy has recently been purchased by the James Hardiman Library.

 BROKEN BONES contains 434 individual cases and 1,101 radiologic images illustrating the typical and less typical appearances of fractures and dislocations throughout the body.

Located in the Medical Library at 617.15 CHE

NUI Galway Centre Opens!

A €68m centre for medical device research will be officially launched at NUI Galway today.
The Centre for Research in Medical Devices will involve more than 250 researchers from a total of six academic institutions across the country, which is receiving support through Science Foundation Ireland.


The centre will be based at NUIG

The medtech industry in Ireland is booming, with more than 400 firms in operation, employing 29,000 people, and producing nearly €13 billion worth of exports a year.

Based at NUI Galway, Cúram will bring together areas like glycoscience, biomaterials science, regenerative medicine, tissue engineering, drug delivery and medical device design.
It will train graduates from basic science right through to clinical application.
It will develop medical devices that mimic the body's biology, targeting chronic diseases like heart disease, diabetes and Parkinson's.
Devices like electrodes that degrade inside the body and 3D printed tendons and muscles will also be designed.
The centre has secured €68m in funding, with €37m coming from SFI, €12.5 million from two dozen Irish and multinational industry partners and €19 million from the EU's Horizon 2020 research fund.
Cúram will be opened by Minister for Jobs, Enterprise and Innovation Mary Mitchell O'Connor, who has welcomed its establishment.

Friday, 23 September 2016

Obesity - Ticking Time Bomb!

Ireland risks becoming the fattest nation in the world, unless it deals with the obesity crisis in the same way it tackled smoking, Minister for Health, Simon Harris has warned
 
Obesity is a “ticking time bomb” that has to some extent already “detonated”, Mr. Harris said at the launch of the Government’s policy and plan on the issue.
National eating guidelines, calorie posting legislation and the prioritisation of obesity services within the HSE form part of the plan, which will be implemented over the next decade.
A clinical lead to guide obesity policy within the health service will be appointed and a “whole of school” approach to healthy lifestyles is promised in collaboration with the Department of Education.

 

Compromise

The current plan contains specific targets and timelines and the appetite for tackling obesity is much greater, he said. While he was not happy the sugar tax was not being introduced quickly, he recognised the need for compromise.
Professor Donal O’Shea said there were 300 people waiting for weight-reducing surgery in his clinic in Loughlinstown and 150 in a clinic at Galway.
Mr. Harris said there was no question of the plan having been watered down to suit the food industry. The Government was not ruling out legislation in the area, but wanted to begin with a collaborative approach. Legislation requiring restaurants to post the calorie content of meals will be law by the end of next year, his officials confirmed.
Minister of State for Health Promotion, Marcella Corcoran Kennedy said the new document was a plan with specific timelines and “not designed to sit on the shelf”.
 
The plan supports the introduction of a sugar levy to cut consumption of sweetened drinks. It is expected the Department of Finance, which has rejected such a measure in the past two years, will in next month’s budget give the go-ahead for a levy from 2018.
The plan on obesity proposes the development of a policy on nutrition, and work with the food industry on a voluntary code of practice for food advertising, promotion and marketing. Agreement will be sought with the industry on reformulating food to make it more healthy.

 

Portion Sizes

The introduction of maximum portion sizes for “relevant” foods and drink will be considered, on a voluntary basis initially. Drinkable water will be provided in all centres of learning, and guidelines on reducing the “obese-ogenic environment” will be developed for use in urban development.
Some 60 per cent of Irish adults, and one in four children, are overweight or obese. The cost to society is estimated at more than €1 billion a year. One of the State’s foremost obesity experts, Professor Donal O’Shea, said the plan “could not be more different” from the 2006 report of the national obesity taskforce, on which he served. “That plan was dead in the water within the year and we weren’t even allowed hold a meeting to discuss it.”
 

 
 
 
 

Thursday, 22 September 2016

Spider Venom - Medicinal Attributes!

It may be the time of the year dreaded by arachnophobes, as large spiders amble into our homes in search of a mate, but research by scientists at NUI Galway suggests we should not be too quick to sweep our eight-legged friends back out the door, suck them up in the hoover or squash them.

The team at NUI Galway has discovered that the venom of some of the 400 species of spider found in Ireland could have useful medicinal properties.
The researchers at the School of Natural Sciences found that a variety of spider found in caves in County Mayo can be useful in killing bacteria like E Coli, for example.
Dr. Michael Dugon and his colleagues have also found that human cells and breast cancer cells react very differently when exposed to venom from the common false black widow spider.
"It doesn't have the same potency on cancer cells as it does on human cells," Dr. Dugon said. "So of course we want to know more about that and we want to see if we can use that potential to develop maybe a new cancer therapeutic."
The researchers at the venom lab are also exploring the potential uses of the venom from a whole range of other creatures, from scorpions to giant centipedes, from newts to jellyfish.

There are 400 species of spider in Ireland
There are 400 species of spider in Ireland

They are also analysing the possible therapeutic properties of the glue in barnacles, sea sponges and the ink in octopuses.
"There are many other animals that can be used," said Dr. Anne-Marie Power from the School of Natural Sciences at the Ryan Institute in NUI Galway.
"New horizons are opening up. The deep sea is one area we are looking at the area of bioactivity and mapping the bioactivity of the deep."
In order to carry out their work, the scientists must carefully extract the tiny amounts of venom that the spiders and other creatures have.
They then go to the microscopy laboratory, where they add venom to blood to see what happens to the molecules.

Wednesday, 21 September 2016

Gene Research - NUI Galway

New research by scientists in Galway has discovered that a gene known to have cancer-suppressing properties is far more potent than had previously been thought.

TP53 is a recognised tumour suppressor gene, as it prevents cancer cells from multiplying in the body by stopping the division of cells or triggering the destruction of them.
The team, led by Professor Noel Lowndes at the Centre for Chromosome Biology at the National University of Ireland Galway, has found TP53 directly regulates the repair of broken DNA.
This is important, because broken DNA can result in cell death or loss of genetic information in those cells that survive the break.

The scientists discovered that the gene influences the regulation of the two pathways that can lead to the repair of the DNA
NUI Galway scientists discovered that the gene influences the regulation of the two pathways that can lead to the repair of broken DNA

In the research, published in the journal Open Biology, the scientists discovered that the gene influences the regulation of the two pathways that can lead to the repair of the DNA.
"Thus, loss of TP53 during cancer development will drive the evolution of cancer cells towards ever more aggressive cancer types," said Professor Lowndes.
The team hopes that the information they have discovered could in the future be used in the development of new methods of diagnosing and treating a range of different cancers.


Tuesday, 20 September 2016

Medical Nutrition - Case Studies

Our library holds many titles which present case-studies, as a mechanism to progress medical understanding.

One of those titles - Medical Nutrition & Disease by Lisa Hark and Gail Morrison - is located at 613.2 MED

Etukansi   613.2 MED

Preventive Cardiology Handbook

The European Society of Cardiology has recently published The ESC Handbook of Preventive Cardiology by Jennings/Graham/Gielen:

Front Cover Located at - 616.1205 ESC
 


Previously published as Preventive Cardiology: A practical manual, and now linked with The ESC Textbook of Preventive Cardiology

Friday, 16 September 2016

Preventive Medicine - Combined Approach!

A recent library addition to the list of Preventive Medicine titles, includes
Diet, Exercise, and Chronic Disease - The Biological Basis of Prevention by C. Murray Ardies - located at 616.044 DIE

Diet, Exercise, and Chronic Disease The Biological Basis of Prevention book cover  616.044 DIE

Thursday, 15 September 2016

Surgery - Latest Edition

Churchill's Surgery Pocketbook (2017) has arrived to the James Hardiman Library. Andrew Raftery's fifth edition, celebrates twenty years of the first edition - Located at 617.9 SUR

Churchills Pocketbook of Surgery
                        
With 22 chapters, it aims to provide a concise account of the essential features of the more common surgical disorders and may be consulted in conjunction with Churchill's Pocketbook of Differential Diagnosis